How to Make a Hand Sanitizer With Hydrogen PeroxideFaizan Khan
Hand sanitizer provides an instant and effective way of cleaning your hands. They are a substitute for water and soap and can effectively kill germs very quickly. Hand sanitizer is made up of two major components, an antiseptic liquid and water. Water is used to dilute the antiseptic liquids. This is to avoid an aggravated reaction of antiseptic on your skin.
An antiseptic is a substance or compound which prevents the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. It kills these microorganisms and stops cells and tissues from getting infected.
Hydrogen peroxide and rubbing alcohol are the two most efficient antiseptic compounds. Antiseptic was the best way to kill bacteria and viruses in the past. Today they are used to disinfect surgical instruments.
Can Hydrogen Peroxide Be Used As A Hand Sanitizer?
YES, hydrogen peroxide can be used as a hand sanitizer. It has a high potency and can kill germs within 5 minutes. It is diluted with water to be used as a hand sanitizer.
Hydrogen peroxide is a mild antiseptic and can be applied to wounds to stop infection. It is light blue and has a little higher viscosity than water. This makes it appear in a gel-like form.
Besides an antiseptic, it is also used as an oxidizer and a bleaching agent.
How Do You Make Hand Sanitizer With Hydrogen Peroxide?
You will need a few supplies to make hydrogen peroxide hand sanitizer. Some of these items can be easily found at home, but for the rest of them, you’ll have to go to your nearest pharmacy.
There are two ways to make hand sanitizer. It can be either made by using just hydrogen peroxide or water. Or it can be made with a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and rubbing alcohol.
#1 Making Hand Sanitizer from Hydrogen Peroxide and Water
Hand sanitizer is a better and easier way to fight germs. Although washing your hands with water is the most effective way. But it is not possible to wash hands all the time.
Especially when you don’t work from home. So you can’t just leave your desk and go to the bathroom to wash your hands every couple of hours.
Hydrogen peroxide hand sanitizers are easy to make. You need fewer ingredients which means it is more economical. It saves time, and you can just keep a little bottle in your bag, car, or your office drawer. And before eating your meal, use a dollop to kill all the germs.
What You Need
- Medical-grade hydrogen peroxide. It is made up of 97% water and 3% peroxide. It is best for household purposes and is available at every pharmacy.
- Distilled water. If you don’t have distilled water, you can boil it and cool it down.
- A big glass mixing bowl or a plastic bottle
- A Small 100ml plastic bottles
- 1 small funnel
- 1 Ladle
- A Spatula or spoon
Firstly, pour 250 ml of 3% hydrogen peroxide into the mixing bowl. Make sure that the bowl is clean and dirt free. Use dishwashing soap to clean the bowl and rinse it properly with water. Add 250 ml water and mix it with the spatula.
The hand sanitizer is ready. Now fill the 100 ml small bottles. Place a small funnel on the mouth of the bottle, and, by using a large ladle, fill the bottles with sanitizer. Make sure that the bottles, funnel, and ladle is also clean.
#2 Making Hand Sanitizer from Hydrogen Peroxide and Rubbing Alcohol
The other way to make hand sanitizer is using a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and rubbing alcohol. Rubbing alcohol is a North American term for isopropyl or ethanol-based liquid.
The British equivalent is the surgical spirit or (BP).
Rubbing alcohol has a concentrated amount of alcohol present, around 70% – 90%. It is denatured alcohol which means it has additives in it so that people don’t drink it for recreational purposes.
The hand sanitizer made from peroxide and rubbing alcohol is much stronger and much more effective. The alcohol in It can kill the germs within seconds.
What You Need
- 125 ml of medical grade hydrogen peroxide 3%
- 500 ml of rubbing alcohol. You should use 99% rubbing alcohol because it is stronger and hence better.
- 250 ml water. The best option is to use distilled water, but if you don’t have distilled water, you can use boiled water (cooled).
- 2 teaspoons of glycerine. It is also known as glycerol.
- A 1000 ml plastic bottle with a lid.
- 2 Small Funnels
- Small bottles
Firstly, wash the bottle and the funnel using dishwashing soap and water. Dry them properly.
Place the funnel on the mouth of the bottle and pour down hydrogen peroxide, rubbing alcohol, water, and glycerine.
Now place the lid of the bottle and secure it tightly. Shake the bottle gently until all the liquids are incorporated. Fill the small bottles using a clean funnel.
How Is Hydrogen Peroxide Used As A Sanitizer?
Hydrogen peroxide is a powerful disinfectant and provides surety protection against many microorganisms.
It works uniquely by producing free hydroxyl radicals, which attack the lipid membranes, DNA/ RNA, and other vital parts of a microorganism’s cell. The microorganisms die when their integral parts of them are destroyed.
Although some microorganisms produce a compound called catalase. This compound can reduce hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. This is why a stronger concentration of peroxide is used to overcome this process.
What Is The Advantage of Hydrogen Peroxide Sanitizer?
Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical disinfectant. It is used as protection against multiple microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, funguses, yeasts, and spores. These antigerm properties are listed below.
Hydrogen peroxide is an antiseptic which means that it prevents the growth of microbes. Antiseptics are also used in cuts and open wounds to avoid the growth of sepsis and infection.
Hydrogen peroxide hand sanitizer has antibacterial properties. This means that it kills and inhibits bacterial activity on a person’s skin. However, hydrogen peroxide is not an antibiotic and so can not be ingested.
Hydrogen peroxide in hand sanitizers also acts as an antifungal. It destroys the cell of the fungi, which makes it harmless. Although it takes a longer time for hydrogen peroxide to kill a fungus.
It takes about five minutes, which is significantly longer than the time to kill a bacterial cell.
Just like bacteria, hydrogen peroxide is very effective against viruses. It takes only a minute or less for it to inhibit a virus. The single cell membrane of a virus makes it easier for hydrogen peroxide to destroy and kill it. Viruses are much smaller than other organisms, so it is easier for antivirals to engulf and destroy the virus.
What Percentage of Hydrogen Peroxide is Used in Hand Sanitizer?
The purpose of hand sanitizer is to clean the hands from disease-causing agents. Because you have to touch multiple surfaces with your hands in your daily life, it is inevitable to get pathogens on your hands.
Some of these pathogens don’t pose any harm or danger, but some can be a threat to our life.
Due to this, hand sanitizers have a high concentration of hydrogen peroxide to kill these microbes. But it has to be at a certain level because too much strong peroxide can cause damage to the skin.
For household purposes and consumer use, 3% hydrogen peroxide is recommended. In hand sanitizer, 3% hydrogen bonds are used. This means that it is 97% water and 3% hydrogen peroxide.
This might sound like a very low amount of peroxide, but this is the standard level to avoid any skin damage. The stronger concentration is used for commercial purposes only.
How Can You Store Hydrogen Peroxide Hand Sanitizer?
Hand sanitizer should be stored in a tight container to avoid spillage. To keep it effective for longer periods, place it in a dark place and cool place.
You should keep it in a place where it is unreachable to children because it will cause severe reactions if ingested. It shouldn’t be placed near food items or in the kitchen to avoid mistakenly using it or spilling it in food.
Glass dropper bottles are by far the best containers you can use to store the sanitizer. They prevent any spillage thanks to the crafty lid design. Glass droppers are easy to use, and they aren’t very expensive either.
The best part about them is that they are sustainable, reusable, and recyclable. Their dark color and unreactive nature ensure your sanitizer stays perfect for a long time!
Are There Any Side Effects of Using Hydrogen Peroxide Hand Sanitizer?
Hand sanitizer has no side effects if it is used as advised. You are supposed to use only a dollop of hand sanitizer on your hands. It is advised to avoid contact with sanitizer from the eyes and mouth.
The excessive use of hand sanitizer can lead to skin irritation, redness, blisters, rash, and skin burn. But if it is used minimally, it can be very helpful in fighting life-threatening agents.
The Bottom Line
It is impossible to wash your hands every hour with soap and water. But everyone needs to disinfect their hands more often. Because we touch so many surfaces like pen and paper and money.
These surfaces have millions of microbes, some of which can be life-threatening.
So it is better and easier to use hydrogen peroxide hand sanitizer. Just take a small bottle of sanitizer with you everywhere. And use it three to four times a day or as needed to disinfect your hands.
So, order your set today!