Did you know hydrogen peroxide varies directly with its intended use? The market is filled with never-ending options of concentrations, each used for different prominent purposes.
For instance, the typical 3% concentration is a favorite among American households, and the 6-10% is prevalent for hair dye production.
The concentration refers to the density of the natural hydrogen peroxide and water mixture. The higher the latter is, the more dangerous a respective concentration deems to be.
Hydrogen Peroxide Comes in an Array of Concentrations
Hydrogen peroxide and its various concentrations make life easier for the common person and textile industry workers. Each of these concentrations is unique in its way and purpose. Some of them are used solely for manufacturing purposes, while others have limited uses within the domestic area.
Several methods are employed to measure the various concentrations of hydrogen peroxide, including titration and simple chemistry methods. The chemistry process is more widely accepted.
Let’s take a quick look at the various concentrations and their uses:
- 70%: this concentration of hydrogen peroxide is mainly used for industrial purposes.
- 60%: hydrogen peroxide (60%) is used primarily within professional settings.
- 50%: 50% hydrogen peroxide has been popular for its strong oxidizing properties.
- 40%: 40% hydrogen peroxide is used to treat a specific skin condition for medical purposes.
- 30%: used widely as a powerful oxidizing agent.
- 30%: its well-known advantages for oral hygiene make it a popular choice among consumers.
- 10%: used as a first aid to treat minor accidents.
- 3%: the most famous concentration percentage, widely kept in houses.
- 1%: Implementing a 1% concentration is common in hair and beauty products.
Uses of Different Hydrogen Peroxide Concentrations
Each of the following concentrations mentioned above has distinguishing properties that set them aside from the others.
The storage protocol of these concentrations is almost the same. However, the higher level concentrations do require extra care and close supervision and can’t be bought over the counter.
What Is 70% Hydrogen Peroxide Used For?
The 70% hydrogen peroxide results from the dilution process that takes place at the initial stages. First of all, the 98% hydrogen peroxide is taken and mixed thoroughly with a large amount of water to get the result, which is 70% hydrogen peroxide.
Hydrogen peroxide, which is a strong oxidizing agent, needs to be handled with the utmost care and precision by the authorized person.
The 70% hydrogen peroxide is especially famous for its hazardous nature and acute toxicity. The storage of this concentration needs to be done in a well-ventilated room with no access to natural light.
Bulk storage tanks made out of alloys of aluminum or stainless steel are perfect for high-level hydrogen peroxide concentration.
The following are the uses of 70% hydrogen peroxide:
- The technical grade hydrogen peroxide is vastly used in the pulp and paper industry primarily for bleaching chemicals and recycling mechanical pulps.
- The 70% hydrogen peroxide is an important component in the manufacturing of epoxy plasticizers, pesticides, and flame retardants.
- Specialty surfactants, chemicals that reduce the interfacial tension between immiscible fluids, use 70% hydrogen in their manufacturing.
- The textile industry uses hydrogen peroxide to impregnate the fabric with the de-sizing agent, which is 70% hydrogen peroxide. This concentration of hydrogen peroxide is usually used in one of the most prominent de-sizing processes, which is the enzymatic de-sizing of scratches on various types of cotton fabrics.
What Is 60% Hydrogen Peroxide Used For?
The same procedure is applied to the 60% hydrogen peroxide. Dilution is done on the high-concentrated hydrogen peroxide to reduce the dilution as an end product.
This concentration of hydrogen peroxide is available in a liquid state and comes with extreme acute hazards.
These hazards could lead to combustible materials and come with a high risk of fire and explosion when coming into contact with heat or metal catalysts.
When in contact with the concentration in question, wear protective gloves, clothing, safety goggles, and face shield and avoid eating, drinking, and smoking.
Take a look at the uses of 60% hydrogen peroxide:
- The main use of 60% hydrogen peroxide removes stains and helps whiten various fabrics. Hydrogen peroxide has a whitening effect as it can easily penetrate the fabric and break down the complex molecules present. It only takes 15-20 minutes to whiten a fabric of your choice.
- 60% hydrogen peroxide not only has a whitening effect on clothes, but it also works wonders for dirty, yellow teeth. When it comes into contact with the various molecules present in the teeth, it reduces them, leading to the reduction and eventual elimination of the discoloration present on both the enamel and dentin.
What Is 50% Hydrogen Peroxide Used For?
The 50% hydrogen peroxide is made up of 0.3462-mole fraction and 29.398 molality solvent. Even though 50% hydrogen peroxide is nonflammable, it can cause surprise combustion when it comes in contact with organic materials. It comes in the form of a colorless liquid and has a bitter taste.
Side effects of 50% hydrogen peroxide include irritation of the eyes, nose, throat, and lungs. It can cause mild bronchitis to a more extreme scenario of pulmonary edema.
In case of accidental digestion of 50% hydrogen peroxide, cases of abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, or tissue destruction may take place.
The following are the uses of 50% hydrogen peroxide:
- The most common use of 50% hydrogen peroxide is as a processing material in industrial water treatment. Due to its properties as a high-level disinfectant, it reacts comparatively quickly, separating into hydrogen and water without leaving behind any by-products. This in turn increases the amount of oxygen in the water and hence is used as a processing material.
- Hydrogen peroxide (50%) also has great bleaching properties which makes it an attractive essential in textile industries. The bleaching action of hydrogen peroxide can be linked to the oxidation of coloring matter by nascent oxygen.
What Is 40% Hydrogen Peroxide Used For?
Widely used in professional settings, the 40% hydrogen peroxide has recently gained lots of popularity. As it’s considerably strong, the 40% hydrogen peroxide concentration should not be used without professional supervision.
Skin reactions occurring from the misuse of hydrogen peroxide (40%) include skin erosion, ulceration, and scarring. Women going through pregnancy are advised not to use this concentration as it can lead to minor casualties.
Here’s a list of uses of the 40% hydrogen peroxide:
- One of the most prominent uses of 40% hydrogen peroxide is its application in the treatment of seborrheic keratosis. Seborrheic keratosis is a non-cancerous benign growth on the skin. They usually occur as a person grows in age and are usually a tan or black color. 40% hydrogen peroxide cause oxidative damage and eventually lead to the death of seborrheic keratosis cells.
- Furthermore, the 40% hydrogen peroxide concentration is widely used in the pulp and paper industry. Chemical pulp bleaching is done with the help of 40% hydrogen peroxide as it plays a great role when high levels of brightness are required. Hydrogen peroxide can break the chemical bonds of chromophores present in pulp and paper.
- Besides being used for bleaching, within the pulp and paper industry, hydrogen peroxide is also used for disinfection, and for recycling waste paper.
What Is 30% Hydrogen Peroxide Used For?
A strong oxidizing and reducing agent, 30% hydrogen peroxide is widely used for homely purposes. The 30% hydrogen peroxide is kept in homes as it’s not extremely dangerous when compared to its higher concentrations.
Any contact with the peroxide in question can cause minor irritation and blanching of the skin for a temporary period. The molecular weight of hydrogen peroxide (30%) is 34.015.
Precautionary items include accessible eyewash stations and an approved vapor respirator, along with other items mentioned earlier.
Here are the following uses of 30% hydrogen peroxide:
- Hydrogen peroxide (30%) is famously used as a disinfectant. It eradicates and kills germs, viruses, bacteria, and other microorganisms that lead to infection or disease.
- The 30% hydrogen peroxide can also be implemented as a cleaning agent within various segments, including your houses, factories, educational institutions, hospitals, etc. The combination of water and oxygen allows the 30% hydrogen peroxide to be broken down into separate atoms. It works effectively as a degreaser too.
- The main property of the 30% hydrogen peroxide is its use as a sanitary component. Due to its high concentration, the 30% hydrogen peroxide does wonders for your countertops, floors, and whatnot.
What Is 10% Hydrogen Peroxide Used For?
The 10% hydrogen peroxide is a concentration that is greatly in use across various areas. It’s recommended to use this concentration under the doctor’s supervision or direction. When changing the dosage of concentration, make sure to consult your doctor before taking any actions.
If there’s an accidental interaction with the 10% hydrogen peroxide, it can and will cause redness, stinging, or irritation. In such cases, immediately contact your doctor or pharmacist.
The 10% hydrogen peroxide will in almost all cases be available with instructions on the respective package. When applying it on the skin, make sure the area is properly cleaned beforehand.
Take a look at the uses of 10% hydrogen peroxide:
- The 10% hydrogen peroxide is applied to minor cuts, scrapes, and burns. This is because of the properties of the concentration that allows it to be used as an antiseptic. Its property as an anti-septic prevents infection and other serious casualties. This strong oxidizing agent is capable of effective oxidation which leads to a reaction that destroys the cellular walls and various other components required by germs to survive.
- 10% hydrogen peroxide can also be used to get rid of the slippery aqueous secretion, also known as mucus. Mucus usually gathers on the teeth due to smoking or your teeth being exposed to any irritants in the air. The 10% hydrogen peroxide mixed with water is used as a mouth rinse to remove mucus present on the teeth.
What Is 3% Hydrogen Peroxide Used For?
3% hydrogen peroxide means that it’s 97% water and 3% hydrogen peroxide. This concentration is also referred to as medical-grade peroxide and is widely kept in houses for sudden accidents.
The 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide should be kept in tightly shut light-restraint containers. Furthermore, the inside of these containers should be free from any rough points as they’ll eventually cause the decomposition of the peroxide in question. The 3% hydrogen peroxide can be stored in glass.
However, concentrations higher than the 10% mark should and can’t be kept in glass storage containers. An unopened and sealed 3% hydrogen peroxide container is good to use for almost 3 years but the moment it’s opened, it has to be used within 6 months as that’s its expiry limit.
The following are the uses of 3% hydrogen peroxide:
- The 3% hydrogen peroxide solution is a typical concentration found among various household products. Hydrogen peroxide (3%) is being used as an acne treatment for quite some time now. According to research done in 2016, the implementation of hydrogen peroxide in skin care proves to provide comparable results.
- The usage of 3% hydrogen peroxide to remove ear wax is also quite famous among households. Hydrogen peroxide carries properties that seem it as a cerumenolytic. This property suggests that hydrogen peroxide can dissolve ear wax. For solely this reason, hydrogen peroxide 3% is also integrated into ear drops.
What Is 1% Hydrogen Peroxide Used For?
1% hydrogen peroxide is made out of two parts clean water and one part 3% hydrogen peroxide. It’s the least dangerous and ignitable solution of hydrogen peroxide. According to the professional recommendation, 1% hydrogen peroxide should be stored in amber-colored or opaque bottles. What this does is it limits the penetration of light, restricting the amount that can come into contact with the storage jar/bottle. Furthermore, this solution should not be stored near combustible materials or chemical fuels, etc.
Take a look at the uses of 1% hydrogen peroxide:
- The 1% concentration is popularly used to lighten hair, specifically for bleaching hair. The integration of 1% hydrogen peroxide into hair dyes means that the hair dye in question will be a permanent one and will only go away once new hair grows in its place.
- The 1% hydrogen peroxide along with dilution can be used for oral hygiene. Many individuals use a diluted version of the 1% hydrogen peroxide as a mouthwash. It’s extremely effective in getting rid of any build-up mucus and whitening the teeth.
- 1% hydrogen peroxide is also known for its oxidizing properties. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, hydrogen peroxide (1) works effectively against SARS-COv-2, the virus that caused COVID-19 to occur in the first place.
What is the Highest Concentration of Hydrogen Peroxide You Can Buy?
Even though 100% hydrogen peroxide is available within the market, almost all the countries around the globe allow the buying and selling of hydrogen peroxide concentrations that are up to 35%. This means that a concentration below or up to 35% can be bought over the top.
Due to the hazardous side effects of high-level hydrogen peroxide concentrations, commercial grades of hydrogen peroxide can’t be bought without any legitimate credentials and that also includes a whole process of its own.
If you’re a qualified buyer, like a company or research team, you can buy hydrogen peroxide in over-the-counter concentrations. However, if you’re a common resident of a society, the limit for such buyers is set to 35% and below.
What Hydrogen Peroxide Concentration is Best for Domestic Use?
Even though there’s tough competition between the 1% and 3% concentration levels, 3% hydrogen peroxide concentration takes the top spot proving itself effective and safe for domestic use.
The 3% hydrogen peroxide that is stored in houses is used for household cleaning and disinfecting not only the surfaces but also the plants that have been attacked by damaging bacteria. The 3% hydrogen peroxide is not only used for countertops but it’s also widely used for treating decaying plants that seem to be fed on by viruses and fungi. When it comes to cleaning purposes, the 3% hydrogen peroxide doesn’t even have to be diluted with the help of water and is available online.
Safety Precautions to Follow While Using Hydrogen Peroxide?
The safe handling of hydrogen peroxide requires extreme detail and professional supervision. As hydrogen peroxide is a clear liquid, any leakage or unfortunate spillage can be mistaken as clear water rather than a harmful chemical.
Hydrogen peroxide solutions are not combustible. However, highly concentrated amounts of hydrogen peroxide are bound to ignite disaster when coming in contact with flammable materials. Hence, the chemical’s proper care and disposal are of crucial importance.
Here are some of the rules to be followed when handling high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide:
- In professional settings, individuals who come in contact with hydrogen peroxide need to be thoroughly trained.
- Contamination and compatibility issues are best avoided with the help of specialized equipment.
- The desirable PH range is below 4.5. PH levels above 5 encourage rapid decomposition and should be avoided at all costs.
- Heat, radiation, and light are some of the few elements that should not come into contact with hydrogen peroxide at any cost.
The Final Verdict
Hydrogen peroxide has shown itself as a useful commodity not only within the domestic sector but also across the industrial and technical sectors. Its diverse applications make it a necessary purchase for your houses and industries. The chemical commodity for sure makes life and business easier and simpler.
Getting your hands on high-quality peroxide is challenging, but it’s not impossible. Therefore, don’t miss out on the goodness, and get yours today!